Creatine Case Study

Case Study

History

Learning Goals /
Concept Map

Creatine and Related Compounds

Structure

Amino Acids

Creatine in the Body

Equilibrium

Creatine-Creatinine Equilibrium

Creatinine Test for Kidney Function

Detection

Regulation and Ethics

Amine & Nitrile Chemistry

Laboratory Synthesis

Chemical Analysis

Creatine-Phosphocreatine Equilibrium

Uses & Side Effects



Amino Acids

Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. Twenty naturally occurring amino acids (shown below) make up all proteins found in the human body. All amino acids contain an amino group (-NH2), a carboxylic acid group (-COOH), and a side chain (-R). Under physiological conditions in the body, both the amino group and the carboxylate group are charged, resulting in an ammonium group (-NH3+) and a carboxylate group (-COO-), respectively.


The side chain determines the category to which the amino acid belongs.

There are four major categories:

* Roll over the category name to see an example, and click on the category name to see a chart of all the amino acids in that category.